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Dark Circles Under the Eyes: Causes And Treatments

Dark Circles Under the Eyes: Causes And Treatments

Dark circles are one of the most prevalent beauty issues that people bring to their doctors or aestheticians. Symptoms such as long-haul flights, sleepless nights, a stressful week that causes severe eye strain, an allergic reaction, natural ageing, a poor diet, sun exposure, fatigue or extreme tiredness can all cause dark circles.

These dark circles may appear purple or blue in people with a fair complexion, and dark brown or black in people with darker skin tones. Dark circles are usually accompanied by puffiness around the eyes.

Dark circles are neither a harmful skin condition nor a medical problem; rather they are a cosmetic skin problem. So, in this guide by a dermatologist in Ludhiana, Dr. Shikha Aggarwal has shared information on dark circle removal treatment and the factors causing them in detail.

Causes of Dark Circles Under the Eyes

  • Ageing: The normal ageing process promotes collagen loss, leading to thinner skin. In addition, fatty tissues under the eyes may be reduced. It could make the blood vessels beneath the skin more visible, darkening the under-eye area.
  • Unnecessary rubbing of the eye area: When there is an allergic reaction, histamine is released, which causes the eyes to itch, causing the patient to continuously touch or scratch around the eyes. Also, this could trigger irritation of the under-eye area or the rupture of blood vessels beneath the skin, leading to dark circles.
  • Allergies: Allergy to any foreign material, such as pet dander, dust, pollen, or others, causes the body to produce histamine, a chemical. This may cause the blood vessels under the eyes to dilate, making them apparent and leading to darker skin.
  • Family history: In some situations, a person may be prone to hyperpigmentation under the eyes, which leads to dark circles.
  • Trauma or unintentional injury: Bruising in the under-eye area can occur if the eye gets hit directly by an object or gets punched during a physical confrontation (often known as “black eyes”). This is also a possibility in the case of a severe sinus infection or as a result of any dental or cosmetic facial surgery. With the most significant non-surgical method, the doctor treats all types of dark circles and helps patients achieve a brighter appearance.
  • Dehydration: To achieve beautiful suppleness on the face, the skin must be well-hydrated. When an individual does not drink enough water regularly, the eyes may appear hollow or sunken due to the eyeballs’ proximity to an underlying orbital bone, resulting in dark circles.
  • Fatigue: When a person is tired, their skin appears dull or pale, highlighting the underlying blood vessels and darker skin tissues. This could cause under-eye bags to form, producing dark shadows beneath the eyes and giving the appearance of dark circles.
  • Hyperpigmentation: Hyperpigmentation is a skin-colour issue in which patches of skin appear darker than the rest of the skin. It can be caused by exposure to sunlight, inheritance, hormones, or an injury. When this develops beneath the eyes, dark circles become apparent. Best skin doctor in Ludhiana, Dr. Shikha Aggarwal provides the best treatment for dark circles management and helps one to achieve a rejuvenated look.
  • Smoking: According to numerous studies on smokers and non-smokers, smokers commonly feel unrested even after a night’s sleep because they do not get into a deep slumber like non-smokers. This causes extreme tiredness, which results in under-eye bags and dark circles.
  • Iron deficiency: Anaemia patients who do not have a sufficient amount of iron in their blood cannot circulate oxygen throughout their bodies. Dark circles can form when the tissues under the eyes receive inadequate oxygen.

Other possible causes comprise excessive alcohol consumption, a poor diet, fluid retention, contact or atopic dermatitis, nasal congestion, certain thyroid issues, and glaucoma eye drops.
Dark circles are more common in those with darker skin tones than in those with light skin tones. This risk factor is associated with changes in skin pigmentation.

Treatment For Dark Circles in Ludhiana

Topical creams

Topical treatments comprising hydroquinone, tret-inoin, or both may be used to help reduce hyperpigmentation under the skin. Hydr-oquinone must be taken constantly for at least three months to have the desired effect. Azel-aic acid, kojic acid, and vitamin C are other treatment options for dark circles that can promote collagen synthesis under the eyes and reduce blood stasis, which can cause discolouration.

Injectable fillers

Fillers are injectable chemicals that include hyaluronic acid (a dermal filler) and growth factor (P-R-P). It is one of the best periorbital dark circles treatments in Ludhiana. Hyaluronic acid is a naturally occurring molecule that may retain water. By improving skin hydration, it can help enhance the under-eye area and restore skin volume. The growth factor is an autologous blood component composed of natural growth factors and repair proteins that can accelerate under-eye healing by increasing collagen formation and improving blood flow in the treated area. Both of these fillers can help reduce dark circles in the lower eyelid caused by collagen loss and skin thinning.

Chemical peels

Chemical peels involve the application of strong acids to the skin’s surface or behind the eyelids, which can help lighten and tighten the skin. Peels work by exfoliating the skin, removing dead skin cells, and revealing fresh, healthy skin. At the same time, it can induce collagen remodelling. This can be used in combination with other treatments to achieve better results.

Laser therapy

Laser treatment is one of the most promising under eyes dark circle treatment in Ludhiana. The procedure helps generate heat and targets the melanin in the skin by using concentrated light beams. It can help exfoliate the skin gently and limit the spread of fluid caused by broken capillaries, thereby reducing overall discolouration at the treatment site. It can increase collagen synthesis and remodelling at the same time, addressing skin laxity under the eyes and minimising dark circles.


Microneedling is an anti-ageing treatment that addresses the underlying cause of dark circles. The most common cause of dark circles under the eyes is the ageing process. With age, the deep fat layer beneath the skin begins to shift away from the eyes, giving them a hollow appearance that is commonly referred to as dark circles.

The procedure includes using small needles to puncture the skin around the eyes. It generates micro-injuries, which prompt the body’s natural healing response, causing collagen to be produced and blood circulation to be increased in the area, reducing dark circles.

Dark circles are a common issue among both men and women. Do visit Dr Shikha Aggarwal to learn more about dark circles treatment in Ludhiana and to achieve a healthy and rejuvenated under-eye area.

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