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Laser Hair Removal
Laser hair reduction or laser hair removal treatment is proven to be a safe and effective treatment for dispose of all unwanted body hair. The term permanent hair reduction is more appropriate and informative than the term permanent hair removal.
Different laser systems including the alexandrite, ruby, diode, and neodymium-doped:yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) and now intense pulsed light (IPL) have been tried on all skin types.
Adult hair are of 2 types: Vellus and Terminal. Vellus hair are soft, short, light and non-pigmented hair found all over the body. Terminal hair are coarse, long and dark hair present on scalp area, under arms, eyebrows, beard, chest and pubic area. Terminal hair are the ones which respond to laser therapy.
Excessive and unwanted body hair range in severity and can usually be classified as either hypertrichosis or hirsutism. Hirsutism is defined as the abnormal growth of terminal hair in woman in male-pattern (androgen-dependent sites) such as the face and the chest. Hypertrichosis refers to a condition where excess hair growth takes place at any non-androgen-dependent body site.
INDICATIONS OF LASER HAIR REDUCTION
- Unwanted body hair in individuals with more than 15 years of age
- For special conditions – pseudofolliculitis barbae, pilonidal sinus
An ideal patient is the one with coarse, dark,terminal hair in absence of underlying hormonal imbalance and has realistic expectations. At our laser hair removal clinic in Ludhiana we use diode laser. You can open up to our doctors and discuss about all your apprehensions including permanent laser hair removal cost in Ludhiana.
A detailed consent form should be developed, which should include details regarding the procedure, the expected results and the rare side effects that can be expected after the treatment. The patient should be clearly informed in the beginning and before every subsequent session that the laser would give a very good delay of growth, decrease the number of hair and make the hair finer. The patient has to be informed regarding the gap between the sessions (according to the body part being treated).
A detailed history including age of the onset of hair growth, menstrual history, and any concomitant drug intake should be taken. Any previous treatments taken for the same should be recorded. If the patient is suspected to be having hirsutism due to underlying polycystic ovarian disease, a complete work up should be done including the ultrasound pelvis to rule out polycystic ovarion disease (PCOD) along with hormonal profile.
One of the most important steps in evaluation of the patient for LHR is assessment of patient’s hair colour. It is important as the chromophore for LHR is melanin. Black and brown hair contain sufficient amounts of melanin to serve as a chromophore for LHR.
The patient are advised not to carry out parlor activity like waxing, threading, plucking or bleach for at least 3 weeks before the first session and in between the sessions.
The first two sessions can be done at an interval of 4 weeks to target the hair in the early anagen phase, after that the gap can be increased. The resting phase of facial hair is around 4 weeks.
These are regular laser sessions done at a frequency of 1-3 times per year.
This process is known to happen with all kinds of hair reduction technologies. The lased hair is pushed into a prolonged anagen phase. The patient should be informed about this in the beginning and proactively advised to use scissors to cut these long hair in the maintenance phase.
LASERS FOR ACNE SCARRING/BURN SCARS/SKIN RESURFACING
The demand for newer methods of skin resurfacing have made the use of ablative lasers and light devices popular in clinical practice. These modalities work on deeper skin layers without removing the epidermis, resulting in collagen synthesis and remodelling without protracted healing. Most importantly, ablative laser resurfacing is a safe and effective treatment for all skin types and colours with a minimal amount of required recovery time.
Fractional resurfacing uses micro-ablative lasers wherein pixel like damage of the skin with rapid healing is done resulting in skin contraction, collagen thickening and improvement in fine lines. We offer the best laser skin resurfacing treatment in Ludhiana for acne scars, burn scars etc. One can also opt for laser resurfacing for wrinkles. Our doctors are always ready to discuss out all your apprehensions regarding facial laser resurfacing cost also.
The fractional laser emits infrared light that is absorbed by water-containing tissue. Further, technological developments have resulted in the use of the radio frequency and light devices for skin rejuvenation, particularly for the treatment of skin laxity by heating deeper skin and subcutaneous tissue, causing skin and tissue tightening.
The 1540 nm Erbium:Glass laser devices have also clinically shown to help in dermal remodelling by treating fine lines and wrinkles, acne vulgaris and acne scars, and atrophic scars on the face. These lasers use a sapphire lens cooling device throughout the treatment process.
Unlike these lasers, it has a smaller spot size (4nm) and therefore treatments are relatively comfortable and require no topical anesthesia. The 1540 Erbium:Glass laser penetrates to a depth intermediate between 1320 nm (deepest) and 1450nm (shallowest) and also induces tissue water heating, thermal injury, and neocollagenesis. The Erbium:Glass laser results in progressive improvement of perioral and periorbital lines at 6 and 14 months. New collagen formation was also noted at the papillary dermis from biopsy specimens.
In laser skin resurfacing treatment, dermal remodelling in acne scarring is achieved in 4-6 months. Improvement in acne scarring is visible in 2-3 month’s time. Treatment for burn scars on face also reduces the size of sebaceous glands, decreasing open pores and leaving relatively smoother skin.