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Dr. Shikha Aggarwal Dermatologist Specialist

How to Minimize Open Pores

How to Minimize Open Pores: Causes and Treatments

Open pores are a problem for many, as they are visible and make one look unattractive. People often dislike the presence of open pores on their skin especially in the forehead, cheeks, and nose because such pores become more noticeable.

Open pores are often formed as a result of some skin-related issues that occur due to adolescence and UV exposure. This makes the skin appear inflamed and rough. People with extremely oily skin are more likely to have enlarged open pores. Open pores differ in sizes and are invisible during the early stages and they can get enlarged due to aging or other skin related problems.

Pores often get enlarged due to inflammatory acne. The open pores that are filled with dirt, oil, bacteria, and dead skin cells, and these impurities when get oxidized (exposed to the oxygen) it leads to the formation of blackheads, whiteheads, and acne or pimples formation.

Causes of open pores
Several internal and external factors are responsible for the occurrence of open pores on the skin that are as follows:

• An excessive amount of sebum production
• An increased volume of hair follicles
• Heredity and genetics
• Aging and UV exposure
• Hormonal irregularities
• Nutritional deficiency and serious skin problems

Diagnosis for open pores
Open or enlarged pores can be diagnosed by visual assessment of the skin, especially face. The seriousness of open pores can be determined by pore size, pore density, pore location, and skin area affected by pores.

Prevention measures to reduce the occurrence of open pores
1. A gentle and non-comedogenic cleanser should be used to prevent the clogging of pores
2. Protect skin from sun damage or UV exposure by using a broad-spectrum sunscreen daily
3. Nourish the face using moisturizers (even for oily skin) and collagen-boosting products like retinol
4. Avoid using home remedies because they can increase the risk of allergies

People must always apply skin products that are recommended by their dermatologist. One with acne-prone skin must use non-comedogenic products and makeup to avoid the clogging of the skin pores.

Treatment methods to reduce the enlarged open pores
1. A topical application such as topical nicotinamide, Vitamin C, or AHAs can be used to treat open pores.

2. Oral medications such as antiandrogens, oral retinoids and can be used according to the cause (prescribed by a dermatologist).

3. Dermatological procedures: In severe open pores conditions dermatological procedures can be performed which includes chemical peels, micro-needing, lasers that help to effectively reduce the appearance of open pores.

a. Resurfx-Fractional Non-Ablative Laser Skin Resurfacing: Lasers work by boosting the production of collagen and elastin in the skin. This is effective for treating the open pores that appeared due to the aging process and sagging skin. It improves skin texture, increases firmness, and also revitalizes the skin’s top layer.

b. Chemical peels: This procedure helps in the removal of the topmost dead skin layer through chemicals like trichloroacetic acid and salicylic acid. This method provides exfoliation of dead cells and reduces excess production of sebum. Thus, a chemical peel is effective in reducing the occurrence of open pores by controlling pore size and excess sebum production.

c. Microneedling: It is an advanced procedure for the treatment of open pores as it involves the puncturing of the skin with medical microneedles. This helps in reducing the pore size by making the skin tighter through more collagen production and wound healing mechanism.

Bliss Laser & Skin Clinic can help one to look more attractive by shrinking their large pores and making them less noticeable with expert advice and best skin treatments.